On Tuesday, 23rd July, 2019 The Lok Sabha has passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019. It has amended the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act 1988. It will change various statutes and clauses of the Motor Vehicles Act 1988.
On Tuesday, Speaker Om Birla declared the Bill passed based on a voice vote in the Lower House of Parliament. Several amendments moved by opposition members were also rejected by a voice vote. This same bill had been passed by the lower house back in April 2017, though the Rajya Sabha did not clear it then, which resulted in the bill getting lapsed.
This new act will impose higher penalties for violations and protection of good Samaritans, among other provisions. It also includes community service as punishment, a driver refresher training course for those whose licenses lapse, a change in how long a license is valid, the liability of a contractor in case of a faulty road and lots more.
There is a rise in the amount of penalties which will go up to 2.5 times for offences such as over speeding (from Rs 400 to Rs 1,000and in some cases it will go up to 10 times) like driving without a license.
According to a survey, the traffic accidents in India witness over 5,00,000 road accidents each year, resulting in about 1,47,000 fatalities. This amendment is an initiative urged by the International Road Federation (IRF) – a Geneva-based global road safety body which asked the Indian government to enact the Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill to improve road safety.
The 2019 Bill had been proposed in the Lok Sabha by the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari on Monday. The Bill aims to enforce strict penalties for road traffic violations.
List of the proposed changes:
|Section/ Offence||Old Penalty||New Penalty (Minimum)|
|General (177)||Rs 100||Rs 500|
|Rules of road regulation violation (new 177A)||Rs. 100||Rs 500|
|Travelling without a ticket (178)||Rs 200||Rs 500|
|Disobedience of orders of authorities (179)||Rs 500||Rs 2000|
|Unauthorized use of vehicles without licence (180)||Rs 1000||Rs 5000|
|Driving without licence (181)||Rs 500||Rs 5000|
|Driving without qualification (182)||Rs 500||Rs 10,000|
|Oversized vehicles (182B)||New||Rs 5000|
|Over speeding (183)||Rs 400||Rs 1000 for LMV, Rs 2000 for Medium Passenger Vehicle|
|Dangerous driving penalty (184)||Rs. 1,000||Upto Rs 5000|
|Drunken driving (185)||Rs 2000||Rs 10,000|
|Speeding/ Racing (189)||Rs 500||Rs 5,000|
|Vehicle without permit (192A)||Upto Rs 5000||Upto Rs 10,000|
|Aggregators (violations of licencing conditions) (193)||New||Rs 25,000 to Rs 1,00,000|
|Overloading (194)||Rs 2,000, and Rs 1,000 per extra tonne||Rs 20,000, and Rs 2,000 per extra tonne|
|Overloading of Passengers (194A)||N.A.||Rs 1000 per extra passenger|
|Seat Belt (194 B)||Rs 100||Rs 1,000|
|Overloading of two-wheelers (194 C)||Rs 100||Rs 2,000 , Disqualification of licence for 3 months|
|Not providing way for emergency vehicles (194E)||New||Rs 10,000|
|Driving without insuarance (196)||Rs 1,000||Rs 2,000|
|Offences by Juveniles (199)||New||Guardian/ Owner shall be deemed guilty. Rs 25,000 with 3 years imprisonment. Juvenile to be tried under JJ Act. Registration of Motor Vehicle to be cancelled.|
|Power of officers to impound documents (206)||N.A.||Suspension of driving licence under sections 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E,|
|Offences committed by enforcing authorities (210B)||N.A.||Twice the penalty under the relevant section|