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Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill 2019 Passed

On Tuesday, 23rd July, 2019 The Lok Sabha has passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019. It has amended the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act 1988. It will change various statutes and clauses of the Motor Vehicles Act 1988.

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On Tuesday, Speaker Om Birla declared the Bill passed based on a voice vote in the Lower House of Parliament. Several amendments moved by opposition members were also rejected by a voice vote. This same bill had been passed by the lower house back in April 2017, though the Rajya Sabha did not clear it then, which resulted in the bill getting lapsed.

This new act will impose higher penalties for violations and protection of good Samaritans, among other provisions. It also includes community service as punishment, a driver refresher training course for those whose licenses lapse, a change in how long a license is valid, the liability of a contractor in case of a faulty road and lots more.

There is a rise in the amount of penalties which will go up to 2.5 times for offences such as over speeding (from Rs 400 to Rs 1,000and in some cases it will go up to 10 times) like  driving without a license.

According to a survey, the traffic accidents in India witness over 5,00,000 road accidents each year, resulting in about 1,47,000 fatalities. This amendment is an initiative urged by the International Road Federation (IRF) – a Geneva-based global road safety body which asked the Indian government to enact the Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill to improve road safety. 

The 2019 Bill had been proposed in the Lok Sabha by the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari on Monday. The Bill aims to enforce strict penalties for road traffic violations.

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List of the proposed changes:

Section/ Offence Old Penalty New Penalty (Minimum)
General (177) Rs 100 Rs 500
Rules of road regulation violation (new 177A) Rs. 100 Rs 500
Travelling without a ticket (178) Rs 200 Rs 500
Disobedience of orders of authorities (179) Rs 500 Rs 2000
Unauthorized use of vehicles without licence (180) Rs 1000 Rs 5000
Driving without licence (181) Rs 500 Rs 5000
Driving without qualification (182) Rs 500 Rs 10,000
Oversized vehicles (182B) New Rs 5000
Over speeding (183) Rs 400 Rs 1000 for LMV, Rs 2000 for Medium Passenger Vehicle
Dangerous driving penalty (184) Rs. 1,000 Upto Rs 5000
Drunken driving (185) Rs 2000 Rs 10,000
Speeding/ Racing (189) Rs 500 Rs 5,000
Vehicle without permit (192A) Upto Rs 5000 Upto Rs 10,000
Aggregators (violations of licencing conditions) (193) New Rs 25,000 to Rs 1,00,000
Overloading (194) Rs 2,000, and Rs 1,000 per extra tonne Rs 20,000, and Rs 2,000 per extra tonne
Overloading of Passengers (194A) N.A. Rs 1000 per extra passenger
Seat Belt (194 B) Rs 100 Rs 1,000
Overloading of two-wheelers (194 C) Rs 100 Rs 2,000 , Disqualification of licence for 3 months
Not providing way for emergency vehicles (194E) New Rs 10,000
Driving without insuarance (196) Rs 1,000 Rs 2,000
Offences by Juveniles (199) New Guardian/ Owner shall be deemed guilty. Rs 25,000 with 3 years imprisonment. Juvenile to be tried under JJ Act. Registration of Motor Vehicle to be cancelled.
Power of officers to impound documents (206) N.A. Suspension of driving licence under sections 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E,
Offences committed by enforcing authorities (210B) N.A. Twice the penalty under the relevant section

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